If your air conditioner is humming, it may mean there is an electrical or mechanical problem. Take steps now to verify the issue with your air conditioner.
Potential causes of your cooling system’s humming can include:
- The condenser fan motor on the unit may be unable to spin but still has power reaching it, creating resistance that results in a pronounced—and often loud—humming sound.
- There could be a mechanical or electrical [malfunction|failure|breakdown]9] with the contractor relay switch, the component responsible for starting the outside unit when the indoor temperature reaches the level where cooling is needed. When the contractor malfunctions, it can produce a humming sound. The switch should be in the exterior condenser unit outside your home.
- The circuit breaker is overloaded - normally, your circuit breaker trips if it becomes overloaded. However, if the circuit breaker is faulty and won’t, you can hear an electrical humming noise.
- Ice on condenser - if your unit freezes over, this can produce a loud humming or buzzing noise. If your air conditioner is frozen, there are several other potential causes such as a refrigerant leak, clogged air filter or faulty blower motor. A broken blower motor will often create a humming or buzzing noise, and is located in your furnace. If the furnace is positioned near the exterior condenser, you might mistake the source of the humming noise. With the AC running, check to see if the humming or buzzing is louder near the exterior condenser unit or the furnace.
- The AC Condenser Fan Motor is broken - like the blower motor failing, a broken condenser fan motor can also cause a humming noise when it breaks. If the indoor blower is running but the fan is not turning, your fan motor may emit a loud buzz. Some people perceive this noise as more of a hum than a buzz. There can be multiple causes for a failure of this component including debris entering the condenser, overgrowth surrounding the unit, loose parts, etc.
- Loose components inside the air conditioner - Your HVAC system is an intricate machine with a lot of moving parts. Over time, it’s possible that a few parts shook loose due to normal wear and tear. A loose part can cause premature wear and loud noises, including a humming noise.
- Refrigerant pipes are vibrating - If the refrigerant lines are undercharged, it can cause vibration. This vibration can sometimes sound like a humming noise. There may be other causes for a vibrating refrigerant line, such as an improperly mounted expansion valve.
A humming sound is a sign that something inside your air conditioner is off and needs a closer look. Given the causes above, it’s beneficial to find where the sound is coming from. Your whole HVAC system is one unit. The air conditioner needs adequate airflow to operate effectively. Air passes through the air filter, and it’s the blower motor (located inside the furnace) that pushes air through the entire system to heat or cool your home. If the air filter is dirty, or the blower motor malfunctions, that can cause issues with your condenser unit located outside the home.
Fixing the AC humming issue does best with a technician to perform a diagnostic assessment on the whole unit. This work should never be attempted by a homeowner, but only by a certified technician. Your HVAC system has hazardous refrigerants running through it that should be safely handled only by a professional. Electrical components to your system should never be adjusted by a novice because of the risk of electrocution. Homeowners are better served trusting an HVAC company to diagnose and repair their system if they notice any odd humming, whirring, or buzzing noises coming from their unit.
If a component like the blower motor is faulty, it may be because your furnace is near the end of its lifespan. The blower motor is not a part that needs to be replaced often. Working with Bryant Heating & Cooling Service Experts, we will not only diagnose your problem and share recommendations to resolve things as soon as possible, we’ll also assess your HVAC system entirely. If your unit needs to be replaced, we have affordable options with top tier service available through financing. We also have the Advantage program that will get you a new system for a low monthly rate.